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What is Wraparound?

Wraparound is a philosophy of care that is based on the strengths of the child / youth and family. It is a process designed to coordinate and organize the delivery of services to children and youth with complex needs.

The aim of Wraparound is to enable these children to maximize their potential to lead socially included lives and to empower them to be independent, fulfilled, law-abiding and constructive. It is family-centered, needs-driven, individualized , culturally and linguistically appropriate.

The Wraparound approach is based on the following principles:
 

  • Strength-based
    Focus is on assets rather than deficits. Human services have traditionally relied on the deficit model, focusing on pathology. Positive reframing to assets and skills is a key component of all wraparound planning.
  • Unconditional care
    Services are changed to meet the changing needs of the child and family.
  • Normalization
    Plans are focused on what is normal within the family, community and culture.
  • Owned by the parent or legal guardian
    The parent/guardian is an integral part of the team and has ownership of the plan.
  • Individualized
    Services are created to meet the unique needs of the child and family through the Child and Family Team meetings
  • Needs-driven
    Services are not based on a pre-set "menu" of what is available. Services are a combination of existing or modified services, newly created services, informal supports and community resources.
  • Community-based
    Services are provided in the community as much as possible.
  • Culturally competent
    Services are tailored to the unique values and cultural needs of the child, family and culture that the family identifies with.
  • Comprehensive
    Planning and services are comprehensive, addressing needs across all life domains. These life domains are: family, living situation, educational/vocational, social/ recreational, psychological/emotional, medical, legal, and safety/crisis.
  • Crisis plan
    Each family develops a crisis plan with their team.
  • Outcome measures
    These are identified and the plan is evaluated and modified systematically and often.